Tenerife is based in the geographic centre of the Canary Islands, with a surface of 2,034 Km2, and distance of only 25 km to the island of La Gomera and 50km to Gran Canaria.
The island has a triangular form and is crowned by the Teide volcano (3.718m), which at the same time is the highest mountain of Spain.
The island is of volcanic origin, but had its last activities almost 100 years ago, in 1,909, when the Chinyero volcano erupted, which today is a natural reserve.
The volcanic complex of the Teide and the Old Pico arose about a million years ago, inside a previously arisen boiler also known as Gorges of the Teide. Different natural landscapes are found as the altitude rises. In fact 43 % of the island is protected ground and very typical ecosystems such as: The Malpaís, you can find in the lower zones of the south, with recent volcanic ground, little precipitations and an average temperature of over 20 degrees Celsius. The vegetation of the Laurisilva is situated in an altitude of over 800 m, in the slopes of the northern part of the island and consists of leafy forest and even has its own species of plants, it gives the Anaga and Teno Mountain its own special character. The Kingdom of the Canarian Pine tree starts on altitude of above thousand meters. This tree is the widest tree in Spain and is, due the amount of resin accumulated in its interior almost fire resistant.